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The Ancient city of Antigonea

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Antigonea was an ancient city built in the third century BC . Its ruins are located in Albania, 14 kilometers from the town of Gjirokastra .

It was a short-lived town that lived approximately 150 years. City establishment is related to one of the most famous names of antiquity, King Pyrrhus of Epirus . At first century BC Pyrrhus was forced to go to war in Egypt, where his skills impressed Berenice, wife of King Ptolemy of Egypt, which offered him the hand of his daughter, Antigonea. As gratitude for her mother in law and his first wife, Pirro decided to build a new town named Antigonea.


According to the ancient Greek historian, Plutarch, Antigonea that city that was born out of love and was destroyed by hatred. When he was 17 years old, King Pyrrhus was deposed from the throne after an uprising against him. After that he went to the king of Macedonia Demeter later in the court of King Ptolemy of Egypt.There drew the attention of the queen of Egypt, Berenices, who selected other princes to marry Antigone, one of the girls of Egypt, the royal couple. Having the support of his wife, he collected money Antigonea army, and returned to Epirus by rrimarë throne. Gratitude to her mother in law and his wife Berenice Antigone Pirro urged to establish two cities with their name: Berenika and Antigonea. First found in Thesproti, while Antigonea in Antitani. Antigonea was founded in 295 BC

Quickly became an important center for control Drino valley, which in ancient times was called Antigonea straits.

Geographical elements

The ancient city of Antigonea Jermës stretched over the hill, near the village Saraqinishtë Gjirokastra. Name proves that it must be established by King Pyrrhus circa 290 BC, in honor of his wife Antigonea, daughter of King Ptolemy of Egypt.

Plateau on which the ancient city was built across the valley owns Antigonea Drinos front Gjirokastra. City Building has been realized according to the urban plan, which divides an area of ​​45 hectares in several areas: the central area inhabited in Agoranë north of the plateau, the Acropolis and Basileian, which are separated by walls in the top of the hill, and in Euhorion, or housing area reserved for the rural population in the event of war, on the west side of the city.

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