unesco-cities.jpg
sliderpng.png
UNESCO Sites
stunning-beauty.jpg
sliderpng.png
Stunning Beauty
old-churches.jpg
sliderpng.png
Old Churches
paradise-beaches_1.jpg
sliderpng.png
Paradise Beaches
peaceful-nature.jpg
sliderpng.png
Peaceful Nature
challenging-experience.jpg
sliderpng.png
Challenging Experience

You are here

The ancient city of Orikum

admin's picture

Orikum (Orikos) is today a small coastal town , but with e very rich history . Located in southwest Albania, about 40 km south of the archaeological site of Apollonia. According to Pliny, colonists from Colchis established the city of Orikum. Its geographical position made it an important harbor and a trading center on the Adriatic coast. Orikum was important to military as well. It was used by the Romans as a defensive base in the wars against the Illyrians as well as in the 3rd century BCE against the Macedonians, who later occupied it in 214 BCE. Julius Caesar used the area as a troop encampment for several months until Pompeius Magnus took them. Being subject to such varied cultural influences, Orikum became a thriving urban center. This is evident by various archaeological ruins, such as part of an orchestra platform and a small theater with the capacity to hold 400 spectators. Additionally, ruins of protective walls and streets are visible lying underwater in a lagoon. The emperor Theodore commissioned the nearby Marmiroi Church, of Byzantine origin, in the 13th century CE. It has a small 6m x 9m main hall and a dome approximately 3m in diameter that is supported by four Roman arches. Its internal walls feature fragments of murals that reflect various aspects of Byzantine culture. The church has three entrances and is renowned for its elaborate construction and architectural significance. Today Orikum is an important city, which has been part of many regional development programs and has seen a distinct increase in the tourism sector.This is a result of its proximity to the Adriatic Sea and its relative position to other nearby cities. 

District: 
Region: 
City: 
Interest Category: 
Place Type: 

Albania Map

Trip Planner

Accommodation

Publications

Newsletter