Kapllan Pasha’s Tomb is located on “28 Nëntori” street in Tirana. It is part of a monumental cemetery complex of the first Tirana Mosque, which was destroyed during the Second World War. The complex included six other monumental graves of the same type, but with varying dimensions. The only tomb remaining today is that of Kapllan Pasha, a former ruler of Tirana. The tomb has an octagonal shape reaching 4 meters high. Kapllan Pasha’s remains were later exhumed and reburied in Istanbul.
The Përsqop Fortress is located south of Tirana, near Petrela Castle. The inhabitants of Petrela Castle once used this fortress perched atop the Vila Mountain. The Illyrians constructed the basic structure and then eventually the Romans expanded it. Remnants of an aqueduct are still visible to the northeast of the fortification.
Most of the excavations began in the 1960's, and most of them are ongoing, allowing observers a rare opportunity to view an archaeological excavation in progress. One of the most interesting finds in the city is the “Bukuroshja e Durrësit” (Pretty Women of Durrës) mosaic, housed in the National Historic Museum in Tirana. The mosaic dates back to the 4th century BCE, surviving as a wonderful artifact from this period. In the 9th century CE, the city entered into a turbulent period.
Sarda is a very picturesque location, surrounded by 24.7 hectares of fresh, blue waters. The ruins of a castle dating back to the 6th- 8th centuries BCE are also on the island which can be found in the artificial lake of Vau i Dejës, 35 km away from Shkodra. But the island’s main attraction is the residence of the Dukagjini family, one of the most important Albanian feudal families in the 11th century. Among the remains are the defensive walls, church ruins and the gate to the Dukagjini palace.
The Plain of Shtoj is situated about 5 km to the northeast of the city of Shkodra, in the vicinity of the villages of Boks and Dragoc, on the western side of the Kir River. The excavated tumuli, or burial mounds, appear to have been used for centuries, from the early Bronze Age until the late Iron Age. Most of the unearthed features of these tumuli are artifacts of the Iron Age, specifically from the 7th - 5th centuries BCE.
The most important monument to visit in Shkodra is the Rozafa Castle, which rises from a rocky hill to the west of Shkodra. The waters of three rivers, Buna, Drini and Kiri, surround it. Rozafa is one of the major castles in Albania and the most important tourist attraction in Shkodra. The castle dates back to the Illyrians, when the Latin historian Titus Livius named it “the stronghold of the Labeates,” an Illyrian tribe on the shores of Shkodra Lake . The Illyrian queen, Teuta, used it as a base in the war against Rome.